With the rapid advancement of our technological prowess, new technologies emerge time and again. As a result of innovative breakthroughs in consumer goods, we see newer gadgets and appliances that are designed to make our lives easier. Some of these appliances go on to become intrinsic parts of our lifestyles, thanks to the immense utility they provide.
One such appliance is the washing machine, and many of us cannot imagine our lives without it. Washing machines can wash various kinds of clothes, rinse them and dry them in a seamless way. It makes the entire process of laundry convenient and hassle-free.
Furthermore, modern washing machines continually introduce some marvelous innovations to the world. For example, the ThinQ range of LG washing machines boasts of the Artificial Intelligent Direct Drive™ (AI DD) motor, which senses the weight, softness, and nature of the fabric and delivers the optimum motions to provide precision washing for the fabric.
When you are purchasing the best washing machine online, having a basic understanding of how it functions can help you make an informed decision and choose the right model for your home. In this article, we will explore how washing machines work to clean our clothes.
How Does Your Washing Machine Clean Your Clothes?
A washing machine works on two main principles – the centrifugal force and the centripetal force. Washing machines use centrifugal force to wash and partially dry the clothes in the wash cycle and spin cycle respectively. For rinsing the clothes, it uses the centripetal force.
Centrifugation is a process that separates various particles based on their size, shape, and density from a solution. Basically, washing machines use a separation process that employs the action of centrifugal force to cause the fast settling of particles in a solid-liquid mixture. The direction of this force is from inside to outside, ensuring that every part of the cloth is thoroughly mixed with the soap water which is present in the tub.
Washing machines are equipped with centrifuges for this task. In a centrifuge, items are rotated around a fixed axis while heavy pressure is exerted perpendicular to the axis. By spinning at 800-1600 RPM, a washing machine enables the removal of soap and dirt from the surface of the cloth. Let us understand this in detail by exploring the step-by-step mechanism of a washing machine.
Firstly, you need to prepare your machine before initiating the wash cycle by filling it with water, putting your clothes in the drum, and adding the detergent. The inner drum applies the two forces responsible for cleaning and rinsing your clothes.
The thermostat present in a washing machine measures the temperature and adjusts the heat accordingly. Once the desired water temperature is achieved, the inner drum rotates back and forth vigorously, mixing the cloth thoroughly with soap water. Different washing machines take different amounts of time to complete the cycle. The best LG washing machines, for instance, promise a faster and quieter wash cycle.
In the next step, dirty water is drained from the machine and clean water is inserted into the drum for rinsing.
The rinsing cycle employs the principle of centripetal force, which acts from outside to inside to create a vacuum-like space in the central part of the washing machine. Once the clean water is filled into the drum, it starts rotating again to rinse the clothes. The rinsing process of disposing of the dirty water, taking fresh water, and rinsing again is repeated several times to enhance efficiency. The drum consists of many holes, which allow the entry and exit of water to facilitate the process of washing.
Once the clothes are rinsed, the machine rotates the inner drum at high speeds of nearly 130 km/h. This force, similar to the washing process, is from the inside to the outside. The clothes are flung apart from the inner edge to the drum’s outer edge. This last step facilitates thorough cleaning of your clothes and drains the remaining water through the valve, giving you clean and dry clothes. The entire process, from washing to drying, is controlled by the programmer of the washing machine. Known as the CPU of a washing machine, the programmer is an electronic control mechanism that makes the clothes go through a series of steps to wash, rinse, and spin.
In conclusion, all washers including Samsung, Haier, and LG washing machines use centrifugal force to wash and spin the clothes. The force is exerted from inside to outside, mixing the cloth with soap and water as the drum rotates. The rinsing cycle, on the other hand, uses the centripetal force to immerse your clothes in clean water, rendering them clean. Finally, the drum rotates at fast speeds to dry the clothes and rid them of water. The entire process of washing and drying is controlled by the programmer of the washing machine.
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