The Qur’an guides man in his relationship with other members of society. It emphasizes justice, trust, respect for life and property, patience, humility, gratitude and forgiveness.Online Quran Tutors for Tajweed

The basic relationships between humans and others are those between parents and children, husbands and wives. It also includes relationships between relatives, neighbors, the poor and needy, orphans and non-Muslims.Online Quran Tutors for Tajweed

The Qur’an says:

Treat kindly parents and relatives, orphans and the poor, speak justly to people.” (2:83)

Who is a “neighbor” in Islam?

A person who lives with someone in the same locality or town is a neighbor. Al-Auzai and Ibn Shihab said, “Forty houses on all sides.”

Ali Ibn Abi Talib said: “Whoever hears (the call to prayer) is a neighbor.”

Categories of neighbors

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said that there are three kinds of neighbours:

– A neighbour who has only one right is a non-Muslim neighbour with whom there are no family ties.

– A neighbour with two rights is a neighbour who is also a Muslim (as such he has the right to be a Muslim).

Both the neighbour and the Muslim companion).

– A triple neighbour is a neighbour who is both a Muslim and a relative – and who claims to be a relative.

A neighbor, a Muslim partner, and a relative. Online Quran Tutors for Tajweed

Qur’an verses call for doing good deeds towards neighbors and strangers,

And do good – to parents, to relatives, to orphans, to the needy, to near neighbours, to foreign neighbours, to your companion by your side, to the wayfarer (whom you meet), (4:36).

Condemnation of some neighbours

The second verse of the Qur’an condemns those who refuse to meet the needs of their neighbour.

But they refuse (themselves) to satisfy the needs of the neighbor” (107:07).

It is reported that the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) attached such importance to the rights of neighbours that some of his companions considered neighbours as part of the list of heirs.

The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

Jibril kept insisting on treating the neighbours well until I thought he would make them heirs.”

The perfection of faith

The Holy Prophet (SAW) made a number of statements about the rights of neighbours. He has declared that treating neighbours well is part of Ímán (faith).

And whoever believes in God and the Last Day should treat his neighbour kindly.” He who is well fed while his neighbours are starving is not a (true) believer.

The best of companions in the sight of Allah, the Exalted, is the best of them for his companion, and the best of neighbours in the sight of Allah is the best of them for his neighbour.”Online Quran Teaching UK

Jibril advised that neighbours should be treated well until I thought that he was making neighbours out of neighbours.